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MANUFACTURING SILAGE FROM THE SECOND CROP

As similarly as in other fields, from the second crop it is possible to get good results of the production of the silage following a few main practical advices.

First advice is following: the preparation for the second crop is starting right away after the first mowing.

PREPARING OF THE SOIL AND FODDER

In order to produce the select silage at the minimal losses, for optimal use by animals and high production potential, farmers should commence preparing the soil and fodder right after mowing.

These activities are covering three stages.

STAGE I

- if exactly collecting all over the first crop wasn't possible and on field a grass stayed, it is worthwhile dismissing it before commencing growing again

- it results from it, that such grass will probably rot away, what the concentration of undesirable bacteria and mushrooms will increase by, and because of that a risk of the faint fermentation of the silage will intensify or a susceptibility of the silage to the development of the mould will increase. Grazing cattle or sheep on field by the day is the simplest method of removing remaining fodder or two after collecting the first crop

STAGE II

- it should be checked whether the area of ground is even and didn't remain for the inequality as well as all moles and molehills were removed. Thanks to that a risk of contaminating ofthe soil the second crop will reduce.

STAGE III

- to apply the appropriate dose of fertilizer to the purpose of the improvement in the growth of plants – it’s necessary to avoid over fertilizing, since if this is the case at mowing a considerable quantity of soluble nonprotein nitrogen will be in green fodder, what the productivity of the fermentation of the silage will make lower, and therefore - a quality of the silage will deteriorate

- it is worthwhile to use a right dose, not exceed the dose 2.5 N/ha kg for every day from the first crop to the perfect date made plans of mowing, since it is the maximum dose which plants can exploit in perfect conditions. More information regarding the application of fertilizers was given earlier in this textbook.

It is possible already only to rest after these treatments and to watch, how grass grows.

Since into preparing field and plants for the second crop we put our time and the work, a similar care is essential at the harvest.

HARVEST

Mowing in the opportune moment is a consecutive fundamental stage in order to ensure the highest nutritional value at the harvest:

- 4 to 5 week after the first mowing one should control plants, in order to state, what part blooming started at. Depending on kinds and plant varieties and of weather conditions between the first but second crop, a date of heading of plants is changing in the crop

- in case of a lot of the silage in rolls the time of mowing depends on the growth of plants. Best, if mowing is being conducted while heading began no more than a 50% of plants, since then the value of the D indicator is high - similarly to the protein content and of sugars. This moment is usually coming after 6 weeks of growing again, it is worthwhile however controlling plants within 2 preceding weeks, since plants can head earlier than usual. More information concerning mowing was given in the manual No. 3 mowing for manufacturing the silage in rolls in this textbook.

When a time of the set approaches, the following matters are substantial:

- mowing should start when plants are dry (after drying of the dew, best for the end of the day at the sunny weather)

- the height of mowing should take out 5 - 10 cm. If the surface of the soil lets it height of mowing should be lower,  if not - increasing the height should be considered . Too low height is increasing the risk of contaminating of the soil, but also is increasing the time of the regeneration of plants and the resurgence, what reduce the size of harvest

- to decompose the crop on possibly of the greatest area right after mowing so that drying takes place more quickly

- to dry grass through maximum 30 hours, whereas leguminous plants for two days. Exaggerated drying is increasing losses of a dry matter on field and is reducing the nutritional value of fodder

- best he is to form rolls with the press with the chaff-cutter which is increasing the density of the roll, but thanks to that a content in them is reducing oxygen and is precipitating the fermentation

- to apply silage additions

- after forming the roll best to transport them to the place of storage, and then to wrap up with 6 high quality layers of the foil; to store ensuring appropriate conditions

- in the end to cover rolls with the net so that prevent for damaging by birds and destroy vermin.

 

Thanks to all these action it is possible to get the high quality silage, so is a last point as the best use of fodder through examining qualities of the silage and mixing up corner appropriate fodders and concentrates, in accordance with the requirements of farmed animals: in this way maximum increasing the potential of the animal production is possible thanks to the own silage in rolls.

 

 

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